But He, knowing their thoughts, said to them: “Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation, and a house divided against a house falls. If Satan also is divided against himself, how will his kingdom stand? Because you say I cast out demons by Beelzebub. And if I cast out demons by Beelzebub, by whom do your sons cast them out? Therefore they will be your judges. But if I cast out demons with the finger of God, surely the kingdom of God has come upon you. (Luke 11:17-20)
The Holy Spirit and Jesus
The story of the Holy Spirit cannot be known without understanding the relationship between the Spirit and the Son. Jesus did not consider it beneath Him to come to earth and take on the form of fleshly man. As God, He emptied Himself of the divine to share in the mortal. The transition of God to man was the work of the Holy Spirit. From the writings of Moses through all the prophets, the Spirit spoke longingly about the revelation of the life of Christ. He affirmed thousands of years before the birth of Jesus that a child would be born that would bring redemption to all men. In the Garden of Eden, the promise of the Seed was made. Abraham was promised to be the father of the faithful. The Law of Moses was given to protect and guide the seed promise through nearly fourteen hundred years of history.
When the time came for Jesus to come to earth, a maiden named Mary was chosen to be the carrier of the Divine. Matthew records that Mary was with child by the Holy Spirit. An angel told Joseph the Child conceived in his wife’s womb was of the Holy Spirit. This was not the first time the Spirit and God’s Son had a part in the scheme of redemption. At creation, the Holy Spirit hovered over the face of the waters, and as part of the Godhead, Jesus was the Creator and Maker of the world. Now the plan to redeem man demanded the Son to leave the glory of the Father and dwell among men. The Holy Spirit was the agency to carry out the divine plan. Mary was a virgin through whom the Spirit would conceive the seed of God’s Son to be born as all men in her womb. Like all men, Jesus was born of a woman.
At the age of thirty, Jesus began His ministry. John the Baptist preceded Jesus to prepare the way for God’s Son. Jesus came to John to be baptized and rising from the waters, the Holy Spirit descended as a dove upon Him. The voice of the Father clearly spoke of His approval of the ministry of Jesus. The Godhead was found at the baptism of Jesus, with all three members of the Divine blessing the baptism. Later, John would declare he saw the Spirit upon Jesus, affirming He was the Son of God. When Peter preached to Cornelius and his household, he told them God anointed Jesus with the Holy Spirit and power. The ministry of Jesus was a manifestation of the power of the Holy Spirit, whom Jesus called the “Finger of God,” as the Father worked through the Son. Shortly after His baptism, Jesus was driven by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil.
Following the temptation, Jesus was full of the Holy Spirit in power, affirming His divinity. God put the Spirit upon Jesus to manifest His glory and fulfill the prophets’ words. Jesus never did any miracles before His baptism as He was endued with power from high only from the affirmation of the Father at His baptism. Casting out demons, healing the sick, changing the natural elements of the world, and raising the dead was accomplished by the power of the Spirit. Like in Creation, the Son and the Spirit worked in tandem to show the power of God to the world.
On the night of His betrayal, Jesus assured the eleven they would not be left without a Helper. Jesus promised to send the Holy Spirit to guide the apostles and help them remember what He had taught them. The eleven were told to remain in Jerusalem when the power from the Father would be put upon them through the Holy Spirit. When the work of Jesus was completed on earth, the Holy Spirit began His active work of the continued revelation of God’s plan to redeem men. The baptism of the Holy Spirit upon the apostles began the establishment of the New Testament church, spreading throughout the world. Through the teaching of the gospel, the name of Jesus was preached to every soul under heaven through the revelation of the Holy Spirit. The will of the Father was accomplished through His Son, Jesus Christ, and could not have been completed without the work of the Holy Spirit. Jesus is incomplete without the Holy Spirit.