And for this reason He is the Mediator of the new covenant, by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions under the first covenant, that those who are called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance. (Hebrews 9:15)
The Church Of The New Testament
Words are important as they define the meaning of ideas. Titles or names can lose their true identity when we fail to understand the significance of the way words are structured in their content. The Bible never refers to the church as the “New Testament church” but no clearer definition is given of the early disciples than the church of the New Testament. Using the term is descriptive of what happened when Jesus came to earth. The Gentiles were governed by a law of Abrahamic faith and the Jews were bound to a covenant through Moses. 2 Corinthians 3:14 is the only time the phrase “old covenant” or “Old Testament” is used in scripture but it is clear in the writings of the early inspired men there was an old covenant and a new covenant. The foundation of the church established on Pentecost was the removal of the old law called the Law of Moses and the unification of the Gentile and Jew together as one in Christ. Salvation no longer comes from men living to themselves or following the law given at Sinai. Christ united all men under the power of the cross establishing a new covenant.
The church of the New Testament is a clear indication of a new covenant given by God to all men. What was old is passed away and no longer binding. New Testament principles suggest the Old Testament regulations have been replaced. There is a clear contrast between old and new. Calling the church by identifying it as a New Testament church confirms God’s plan to create a new system of salvation apart from the law of the Gentiles and the Law of Moses. With the New Testament church a new set of laws and commandments are based upon a new system of sacrifice and redemption. The New Testament church is new because the law of Christ is the foundation bought by His blood as the perfect sacrifice for sin. In the Law of Moses there was a continual offering of blood sacrifice. Christ became the new sacrifice as He offered Himself without sin as the final ransom.
Embracing the new covenant requires putting away the old covenant. The book of Hebrews is the foundational thesis on why the new covenant is so much better than the old covenant. There is a better sacrifice, priesthood, law, promises and a host of better things in the New Testament church. Speaking of the church as the New Testament body of disciples embraces the need to follow only the covenant of Jesus Christ. Taking the new does not include bring things from the old. There are similarities between the old covenant and the new covenant but these are based only upon the word of God. When men go back to the Law of Moses and bring the doctrines of the old into the new, it is like putting new wine in an old wine skin. The New Testament church is exactly that – the assembly of a new covenant. Praise God for what is new. Thank you God for the gift of your Son and the power of the New Testament church.